Methodological Implementation

 

Who is surveyed?

In order to be able to provide information on the integration of refugees into the educational system as efficiently and as soon as possible, ReGES focuses on two core stages of the educational trajectory: First, early education is analyzed, which is not only particularly significant for the acquisition of the German language and the beginning of the educational career but can also further the integration of entire families. Second, the researchers scrutinize the transition from lower secondary education to the vocational training system. This stage is essential for the medium and long-term integration into the labor market.

 

Initially, 2,400 people from a large variety of countries of origin are interviewed in both groups. In addition to the focus persons, the interviews also target context persons, such as parents, teachers, and other professionals, as well as volunteers.

 

Where do the surveys take place?

The surveys take place in five selected German Federal States that differ systematically in specific factors that are regarded as significant for the integration of refugees: Hamburg, Saxony, Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate, and North Rhine-Westphalia (marked in red in the accompanying map).

 

The number of refugees that are accepted in the individual German Federal States constitutes an important basis for the selection. Additionally, other factors, such as unemployment rates, opportunities on the labor market, traditions in early childhood care, and socio-structural aspects like population density and the percentage of immigrants among the population are considered as well.

 

How are the surveys implemented?

In a first step, the survey will be implemented in eight languages in order to facilitate a broad initial measurement. It is only later on that a reduction to three languages will take place. Due to the high mobility of the target groups and the changes that can be expected especially at the beginning, the high frequency of biannual interviews is planned.

 

To gather all the information, different approaches are used: Whereas youths and parents will predominantly be questioned in face-to-face interviews, especially paper-based questionnaires will be used for other context persons. Additionally, all children and youths will be tested especially in the field of language.