The conditions necessary for the success of inclusive schooling are to be identified on an individual and on a familial level, on a class and a school level, and in consideration of regional or local circumstances. As this requires a broad information basis, the study begins in Spring 2018 with a national survey in which school principals in the lower secondary tier will be contacted and asked to participate. In order to identify conditions for pupils’ success, a longitudinal analysis with surveys conducted at more than one point in time is indispensable; for this reason, after the surveys of the principals themselves, a targeted selection of schools where pupils with special educational needs are taught will be made. In these schools, the principals and teaching staff, the special needs teaching staff, and the pupils and their parents themselves will be accompanied over a longer period of time. By way of an in-depth survey of teaching staff in a further targeted selection of classes with different key subjects, additional information will be recorded which cannot usually be gathered in large scale investigations of this kind.
The method for answering the research project’s questions is split into three substudies:
- Substudy I: School principals in the lower secondary tier in all 16 German federal states will be asked to participate in an online survey.
- Substudy II: Building on Substudy I, a targeted selection for a sample will be made; these schools will then be monitored longitudinally. The methods planned here comprise competency tests and questionnaires for pupils, questionnaires for principals, teaching staff, and special needs teaching staff, and a telephone survey for parents.
- Substudy III: Selected teaching staff and relevant special needs staff will be asked to keep a teaching diary.