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What are the factors that determine gender-typical expectations of youths and young adults when it comes to choosing a career?

10.11.2017

On November 7, 2017, Dr. Irene Kriesi, Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET), presented results of her joint work with Ariane Basler, University of Zurich, and Christian Imdorf, University of Basel, on gender-typical career aspirations as part of the lecture series LIfBilectures.

Dr. Irene Kriesi, SFIVET, during her talk at LIfBi 

In the course of her presentation, Kriesi answered questions about the factors that are decisive for gender-typical career aspirations and about how these factors change from youth to early adulthood. In particular, the researcher emphasized the close connection between school system and labor market and addressed the fact that the choice of an educational pathway will already influence career options later on in life. Depending on their choice of (vocational) course of education, youths have more or less chances of getting into gender-typical lines of work.

For her analyses, Kriesi used the Swiss Survey on Children and Youth COCON  ̶̶ Competence and Context and focused on youths and young adults aged between 15 and 21. The growth curve models that were implemented showed that the career expectations of youths become less gender-typical with increasing age. Moreover, the results illustrated that the level of gender-typical expectations varies between different kinds of (vocational) education systems. The professional aspirations of youths with higher education entrance qualifications are less gender-typical than the aspirations of youths that choose vocational training courses.