Based on data from these first surveys, the situation of the participants can now be examined along four dimensions of social integration: First results on structural, cultural, social, and emotional aspects of everyday life are available.
The results show that most children and adolescents are regularly in contact with peers of the majority population and the German language. This is partly due to integration into the educational system: A large proportion of children under the age of six attend a day-care center and more than half of the adolescents already attend a regular school class. The subjective assessment of German language skills is very positive for both children (parents' assessment) and adolescents (self-assessment).
The data also show that the respondents have high educational ambitions: Most young people aspire to a school-leaving certificate that enables them to study at university. Considering the educational aspirations of parents for their children, these are even higher than those of the adolescents themselves. When asked about their general life satisfaction, the majority of the refugee families stated that they were rather satisfied with their situation in Germany.
Further analyses and results of the next survey will enable a comparison between the self-assessment of language skills and the results of the competence test, showing which educational pathways will be followed over the further course of the project.
Published results of the first survey wave in the LIfBi Working Paper series can be found here (PDF).