Feel your languages


This online survey examines the positive and negative emotions that young people growing up speaking multilingually report in connection with the use of their languages. Do they feel proud, guilty or nervous while speaking a native or local language?


Preliminary studies from North America and the Netherlands show that multilingual children and young adults report positive but also negative emotions related to their language use (Driver, 2020; Jean & Geva, 2012; Sevinç & Dewaele, 2018). Emotions related to multilingual language use are of interest as an expression of "(dis)harmonious bilingual development" and could have consequences for further language development (De Houwer, 2015; Miller, 2017).


In a short online questionnaire for adolescents growing up multilingually in Germany and Switzerland, it is recorded whether positive or negative emotions are reported in connection with language use. Furthermore, potential predictors for this are investigated at different levels (e.g., at the level of the situation, the individual, the family, and the peers). Among others, the Self-conscious Emotions theory (Robins & Schriber, 2009) serves as a framework.

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Dr.  Jessica Anne  Willard


+49 951 863-3758