To Overview

Overview of ongoing and completed projects at LIfBi


All publications incl. the LIfBi series "NEPS Survey Paper", "LIfBi Working Paper" and Transfer Reports

To Overview
About us

History and Purpose of LIfBi - from the Origin of the National Educational Panel to the Present Day


Overview of all employees of the institute with filter and search function

To Overview

News on research, events and developments at LIfBi incl. news archive


Conferences, events and trainings of LIfBi as well as all dates of the institute's own lecture series LIfBi Lectures


Information services, press portal and distribution list, and downloads for media professionals


All LIfBi annual reports, subscription to the newsletter as well as all transfer reports and publication series.

To Overview
Research Data Center

Information about the FDZ-LIfBi incl. contact form and registration for the newsletter "LIfBi data"

Data and Documentation

To the data of NEPS, ReGES and further studies incl. documentation and variable search

Data Access

Request for access to scientific use files incl. overview of all data use projects


Information on FDZ events, tutorials and help for handling the data incl. online forum

To Overview
LIfBi as an Employer

Flexible working and part-time models, equal opportunities and good work-life balance

Further Education, Doctorate, Networks

Offers for all qualification levels and best networking opportunities

Workplace Bamberg

Living and working in the heart of the world heritage city - central location of empirical educational research

Job Offers

All open positions in the areas of research, infrastructure and administration at a glance

Social Inequality and its Effects on Childhood Development


In particular, SEED has had two principle objectives:

  1. Identifying the mechanisms through which changing social inequalities impact on children’s oral language and socio-emotional development.
  2. Identifying the implications that these evolving social disparities have for patterns of performance at school age and beyond – into adolescence and adulthood.


Marked disparities in early child development (e.g., oral language skills) have opened up even before compulsory schooling begins. These disparities reflect and promote social inequalities and have been shown to persist very well through childhood into adulthood. The „SEED“-project (Social InEquality and its Effects on Child Development: A Study of Birth Cohorts in the UK, Germany and the Netherlands) has explored the mechanisms underlying these developments by drawing on the data from a range of different countries. The project has addressed differences (especially social inequalities) in child development (specifically oral language skills and numerical-mathematical skills) in order 

SEED was funded within the DIAL (Dynamics of Inequality Across the Lifecourse: structures and processes) funding line of the NORFACE NETWORK (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Cooperation in Europe).



The analyses based on the following representative longitudinal studies of these partner countries:

  • The Early Childhood Cohort Study from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS-SC1); Kindergarten Cohort Study from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS-SC2); Kindergarten Cohort Study from the research group “Educational processes, competence development and selection decisions in preschool- and school age” (BiKS-3-13) in Germany
  • The Millennium Cohort Study (MCS); Growing up in Scotland (GuS); The British Cohort study 1970 (BCS70) in the UK
  • The Generation R Study (GenR) in the Netherlands

Apart from the main studies from the three partner countries, more analyses has been supplemented by further cooperation with the partners from USA, Canada, and Australia.



As part of SEED, the international project partners have published a number of publications, which can be found on the SEED project page: External Link

Selected contributions with the participation of the German project team:

"Parenting Behaviours and Early Child Development in Europe" (Link to PDF)
Wei Huang, Nathalie Tamayo, Pauline Jansen, James Law, Hans-Günther Roßbach, Jutta von Maurice, Helen Wareham, Sabine Weinert | Commentary, 2021

"The association of maternal education on children’s language skills and its link to social inequality, descriptive analysis from three European cohort studies" (Link to PDF)
Helen Wareham, Wei Huang, Lisanne Labuschagne, James Law, Manja Attig, Marie-Christine Franken, Pauline Jansen, Sabine Weinert | Working Paper, 10/2021


Project profile

Project partners
University of Bamberg
Project contact
Newcastle University
Project contact
Queen Margaret University
Project contact
Erasmus University Medical Center
Project contact



Karwath, C., Attig, M., von Maurice, J., & Weinert, S. (2023). Does poverty affect early language in 2-year-old children in Germany? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 32(8), 2254-2270.